heroin addict in a dark alley depressed

Drugs Killing Teens: Butane Hash Oil, MDMA, and Krokodil

There are three new drugs killing teens in the United States. Today’s youths and adolescents are able to access and experiment with substances that are increasingly dangerous, oftentimes causing grave and unforeseen consequences.

Therefore, the following will name and describe some of the most popular and dangerous substances to emerge since the days of Dazed and Confused, which will show how today’s substances abusers have become much less dazed or confused and much more crazed and abusive.

Butane Hash Oil

The reason that marijuana is a desirable substance to those who use it is due to the tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, that it contains. However, it’s been discovered that the THC in marijuana can be extracted from the plant so that much more of the substance can be consumed at once and, therefore, provide much stronger effects.

Of several different forms in which concentrated THC can be found, butane hash oil is one of the most potent, significantly more potent than traditional hash oils, which have been around since the 1970s.

The process of producing traditional hash oil is rather straightforward and begins with putting dried marijuana into some type of solvent, and then the mixture is thoroughly macerated, percolated and evaporated so that only the oils are left behind. However, the process of making butane hash oil is significantly more dangerous because, as its name would suggest, it involves much the same process while using actual, flammable butane as the solvent.

In terms of its effects, butane hash oil produces similar effects as marijuana but amplified substantially. For a comparison, it’s said that most smokable marijuana has a THC content of around 20 percent or less while butane hash oil can have a THC content of as much as 90 percent.

Therefore, not only is the production of butane hash oil potentially life-threatening, but the effects of the substance quickly escalate to much more than most users expect. Additionally, mixing the drug with other substances—a common practice with marijuana and its derivative forms—can cause unforeseen consequences that could put a person’s life at risk.

MDMA, or “Molly”

The practice of taking mind-altering substances while at clubs, bars, concerts, festivals, and other, similar types of events aren’t exactly new to today’s youths; however, some of the actual substances that are used as so-called “club drugs” today are much more dangerous than those of decades past.

One of the most common club drugs is MDMA, which has seen an immense surge in popularity in recent decades. Short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA or “Molly” happens to be the most concentrated form of the active ingredient in the drug ecstasy.

These substances are taken at clubs because of their sensory effects: Most users report feeling a significant amplification in the senses, especially with regard to touch, sight, and sound. Additionally, the drug is notable for significantly lowering inhibitions and for offering the energizing effect of a stimulant and aspects of a hallucinogenic due to the sensory distortions.

However, in spite of its association with fun and partying MDMA is extremely dangerous, especially when taken in high doses or mixed with other substances; the drug significantly raises body temperature and blood pressure, which can result in extreme dizziness, loss of consciousness, seizures, stroke, or even death.


The abuse of any opiate is dangerous, but a fairly new substance called krokodil—or even crocodile—could be considered the homemade opiate equivalent of crystal meth in the stimulant class. In fact, producing the substance typically involves a cooking process that’s comparable, albeit less complex, than the process that’s necessary to produce crystal methamphetamine.

Making krokodil, or desomorphine begins with mixing codeine with one of a variety of household solvents, including gasoline, iodine, paint thinner, lighter fluid, and hydrochloric acid, to achieve synthesis. The cooking process is the means of eliminating these harmful substances from the desired product, but as it’s quite difficult for amateur home chemists to determine whether there are any of these substances remaining, it’s quite common for krokodil to contain varying levels of the toxic solvents.

This homemade opiate is dangerous for many important reasons. Although desomorphine is the desired product, there are many instances in which the synthesis of this substance is not actually during production, which means that the users who attempt to use it actually have no idea what the krokodil really contains.

Additionally, krokodil is injected intravenously like heroin, but due to the contents of the drug it often causes patches of dead skin around the injection site rather than the comparatively small track marks characteristic of users of more conventional opioids. In some cases, these patches of dead skin—which are said to resemble crocodile scales and are the origin of the drug’s namesake—can lead to severe infections or even gangrene as the dead skin begins to decay.

In theory, krokodil containing desomorphine offers a stronger rush and longer duration than heroin, but since a significant amount of the krokodil people end up using actually don’t contain the drug, it’s significantly more dangerous than heroin. In fact, while the average lifespan of a heroin addict is between four and seven years from the point of addiction, a krokodil addict will typically survive the addiction for only one to two years at most.

Unfortunately, when heroin addicts have reached the point of no longer being able to afford their heroin habits, it’s becoming more and more common for them to begin trying to make their own krokodil as a substitute. Worst of all, krokodil has become the most severe addiction known with addicts experiencing, at least, a month of withdrawal that’s so severe, they’re given benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants to keep them from losing consciousness due to the pain.

Stop Drugs Killing Teens, Get Addiction Treatment Today

It’s important that anyone experiencing an addiction to one of the above drugs or another type of substance seek help for chemical dependence. At Drug Treatment Center Finder, we believe that anyone can regain his or her sobriety with the right treatments. For a free consultation, call Drug Treatment Center Finder at 855-619-8070. Whether day or night, we’re available to help you or a loved one take the first steps toward healing and health.