Suboxone is a prescription medication used to treat people who are addicted to opiate drugs like heroin and OxyContin. The medication is used to wean heavy users off opiates and alleviate painful symptoms–known as opiate withdrawal–that occur when addicted users stop taking the drugs.
Also known as Subutex, Suboxone is a combination of buprenorphine, an opiate drug that eases withdrawal symptoms, and naloxone, which works to prevent the “high” associated with opiates. Suboxone should be administered with medical supervision. Users consume the drug as a strip that dissolves beneath the tongue. Although this medication is used to help those addicted to opiates, people can also become addicted to Suboxone if the drug is abused.
Since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Suboxone in 2002, prescriptions have spiked with the opioid alternative surpassing popular medications such as Adderall and Viagra, according to The New York Times. Health professionals consider Suboxone a safer treatment than methadone–a similar drug used to treat opiate addiction. However, Suboxone still can be habit-forming.
People who become addicted to Suboxone and try to quit the drug by abruptly stopping can experience painful symptoms known as Suboxone withdrawal. Suboxone withdrawal is marked by flu-like symptoms, and its severity depends on the medical condition or the duration of addiction of the user. A drug rehab or detox program can help taper users off Suboxone so they can safely withdraw from the medication.
The Dangers of Quitting Suboxone Cold Turkey
Quitting the drug all at once without medical help–known as “going cold turkey”–can lead to severe withdrawal symptoms, such as pain, nausea, vomiting, and heart palpitations. Those who have a dependence on Suboxone or Subutex should consider tapering off the medication instead. That way, the effects of the medication are still felt as the body begins to adjust back to its equilibrium. Because someone who has a dependence on the medication has been addicted to opiates for a prolonged period, it may take some time before the body completely readjusts. Periodic symptoms of fatigue, irritability, and restlessness are common even after detox is completed.
One of the most dangerous consequences of quitting the drug cold turkey is relapse or a return to addiction. Attempting to detox from the medication alone can lead someone back to using more dangerous opiates, such as heroin and prescription painkillers.
Seeking Help for Withdrawal
If you or a loved one are suffering from a Suboxone addiction, it’s not too late to seek help. Though you may have already gone through the process of detox and rehabilitation, seeking help for addiction—even if it’s for your treatment method—should be the top priority. For more information about detox and withdrawal, call our 24-7 hotline at (855) 619-8070, and start your path to a drug-free recovery today. You can also search for facilities in your area using our Find a Rehab search.
Common Suboxone Withdrawal Signs and Symptoms
- Body and muscle aches
- Extreme mood swings
- Lack of concentration
- Heart palpitations
- Slowed breathing
It’s also common for cravings to develop throughout detox and even after detox. The cravings should subside from the medication over time. Though these symptoms are uncomfortable and can drive a person back to the doctor’s office where they have access to the crucial prescription, staying abstinent is essential to recovery.
Suboxone Withdrawal Timeline
Suboxone or Subutex withdrawal is comparable to other opiate withdrawal timelines. Generally, the first three days of withdrawal is when acute symptoms will start to develop and affect the addict. Because the drug is used to treat the physical and psychological effects of addiction, behavioral therapy can help an addict cope with withdrawal while confronting the root of their addiction.
The withdrawal timeline for the drug can last up to six months, but the timeline may be slightly different for each person. Up to 50 times stronger than morphine, the powerful drug’s effects are usually felt even after the withdrawal phase.
Here’s a general opioid timeline that can also be applied to Suboxone withdrawal:
Suboxone Detox and Treatment
In this case, the treatment medication is the source for addiction, so the only way to treat the addiction is to slowly taper off the medication. While tapering the medication, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be beneficial to help the client deal with their addiction, and group counseling can provide a support system to help coach the individual to continue their recovery.
Different therapeutic approaches in treatment are:
- Art therapy
- Aftercare programs, including Narcotics Anonymous, 12-step programs, and sober living communities
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy
- Individual counseling
- Motivational Enhancement Therapy
Physical Activities Can Ease Withdrawal Symptoms
Physical activity can help boost the brain’s natural dopamine as well as promote good health and nutrition. Some treatment programs provide yoga to calm the client and teach them a new way to physically cope with addiction. By reducing stress and cravings, engaging in exercising during treatment will help the body naturally repair itself from addiction and withdrawal.
If you have any pre-existing medical conditions that developed before or during your opioid addiction, don’t be intimidated. Start off light with stretching and bike riding until your stamina increases, and you can enjoy activities such as running and swimming.
Physical activities offered at treatment facilities:
- Aquatic exercises
- Outdoor/beach sports
- Weight training
Seeking Help for Addiction
If you are struggling with a Suboxone addiction or withdrawal, our 24-7 hotline can help connect you to the best detox and treatment facility in your area. Call us today at (855) 619-8070 to receive the assistance you need when making the crucial decision to receive help. Finally enjoy your goal of recovery by letting go of the withdrawal medication and becoming drug-free.
Suboxone Withdrawal FAQs
- According to the New York Times, in 2013, Suboxone generated $1.55 billion in sales in the US.
- Nationally, at least 1,350 of 12,780 buprenorphine doctors have been sanctioned for criminal offenses, including insurance fraud and excessive narcotics prescribing.
- Since 2003, the drug was the primary suspect in 420 deaths reported to the FDA in the US, reports the New York Times.